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广东省人民政府首页  >  要闻动态  >  广东要闻

从“我不愿意”到“投怀送抱”,谁偷走了这些优质民企的梦想?

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2018年12月10日 08:14:44
【字体:

意彩官网注册信誉平台官方,招龙虎和代理注册实力诚招代理Q扣99277339时时彩龙虎和,意彩彩票代理,意彩官网,意彩平台注册,意彩乐官网,意彩娱乐官方网站从“我不愿意”到“投怀送抱”,谁偷走了这些优质民企的梦想?

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(原)(标)(题)(:从)(“我)(不)(愿)(意)(”到)(“投)(怀)(送)(抱)(”,谁)(偷)(走)(了)(这)(些)(优)(质)(民)(企)(的)(梦)(想)(?
◎智)(谷)(趋)(势)((ID:zgtrend)|震)(谷)(子)(
现)(在)(是)(国)(企)(吃)(下)(民)(企)(的)(最)(好)(时)(机)(吗)(?
说)(“吃)(”其)(实)(不)(大)(合)(适)(,其)(实)(说)(是)(不)(少)(民)(企)(主)(动)(求)(“拥)(抱)(”才)(更)(准)(确)(。
风)(向)(怎)(么)(就)(突)(然)(变)(了)(呢)(?中)(国)(搞)(企)(业)(混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(改)(革)(搞)(了)(将)(近)(二)(十)(年)(,过)(去)(国)(企)(可)(是)(被)(一)(脸)(嫌)(弃)(的)(。
2014年)(,娃)(哈)(哈)(掌)(门)(人)(宗)(庆)(后)(是)(这)(么)(讲)(混)(改)(的)(——“如)(果)(只)(是)(参)(股)(,我)(不)(愿)(意)(。因)(为)(参)(股)(就)(等)(于)(是)(你)(送)(钱)(给)(它)(,但)(你)(没)(有)(控)(制)(权)(,没)(有)(话)(语)(权)(,机)(制)(也)(转)(换)(不)(了)(,国)(企)(亏)(掉)(了)(,就)(把)(你)(的)(钱)(也)(亏)(掉)(了)(。”
王)(健)(林)(更)(直)(接)(:如)(果)(要)(混)(合)(,一)(定)(是)(私)(营)(企)(业)(控)(股)(,或)(者)(至)(少)(要)(相)(对)(控)(股)(。
……
由)(于)(民)(企)(效)(率)(普)(遍)(高)(于)(国)(企)(,所)(以)(当)(年)(混)(改)(的)(初)(衷)(就)(是)(激)(发)(国)(企)(活)(力)(。
宗)(庆)(后)(说)(出)(“我)(不)(愿)(意)(”,到)(现)(在)(也)(才)(短)(短)(四)(年)(呢)(,风)(云)(就)(变)(了)(。
01
先)(讲)(一)(个)(故)(事)(。
在)(中)(国)(注)(意)(到)(人)(工)(智)(能)(,并)(着)(手)(准)(备)(干)(出)(点)(名)(堂)(的)(,可)(不)(只)(是)(阿)(里)(巴)(巴)(、腾)(讯)(、百)(度)(。
有)(一)(个)(人)(叫)(孙)(尚)(传)(,你)(可)(能)(不)(知)(道)(他)(,也)(不)(知)(道)(他)(的)(公)(司)(。不)(过)(,如)(果)(你)(使)(用)(华)(为)(手)(机)(那)(就)(和)(他)(有)(关)(了)(。华)(为)(的)(后)(盖)(就)(是)(他)(的)(公)(司)(制)(造)(的)(。
孙)(尚)(传)(厉)(害)(的)(是)(,从)(1997年)(创)(办)(公)(司)(,他)(用)(了)(21年)(时)(间)(,搭)(建)(起)(了)(国)(内)(领)(先)(的)(“智)(联)(网)(”平)(台)(,这)(个)(平)(台)(主)(打)(共)(享)(制)(造)(,并)(成)(为)(包)(括)(华)(为)(、特)(斯)(拉)(等)(诸)(多)(大)(牌)(的)(“金)(牌)(供)(应)(商)(”。
但)(他)(没)(能)(成)(为)(中)(国)(自)(主)(工)(业)(制)(造)(领)(域)(的)(马)(云)(,2018年)(6月)(28日)(,就)(是)(上)(证)(指)(数)(失)(守)(2800点)(那)(天)(,孙)(尚)(传)(把)(它)(一)(手)(创)(办)(的)(大)(富)(配)(天)(投)(资)(有)(限)(公)(司)(的)(控)(股)(权)(转)(让)(给)(了)(郑)(州)(航)(空)(港)(兴)(港)(投)(资)(集)(团)(有)(限)(公)(司)(,以)(解)(决)(企)(业)(融)(资)(困)(难)(所)(产)(生)(的)(债)(务)(问)(题)(。
“兴)(港)(”是)(航)(空)(港)(区)(管)(委)(会)(下)(属)(的)(国)(有)(独)(资)(公)(司)(。这)(个)(管)(委)(会)(是)(河)(南)(省)(政)(府)(派)(出)(机)(构)(,正)(厅)(级)(。
之)(所)(以)(选)(择)(“投)(靠)(”国)(资)(,是)(因)(为)(孙)(尚)(传)(已)(经)(走)(投)(无)(路)(。
别)(看)(大)(富)(科)(技)(总)(资)(产)(有)(小)(几)(十)(亿)(,但)(2017年)(亏)(损)(5亿)(,2018年)(15亿)(的)(可)(交)(换)(债)(怎)(么)(都)(发)(不)(出)(去)(,连)(股)(权)(都)(被)(冻)(结)(了)(,如)(果)(不)(能)(尽)(快)(找)(到)(“接)(盘)(侠)(”,公)(司)(将)(面)(临)(极)(其)(严)(重)(的)(流)(动)(性)(危)(机)(。这)(时)(候)(出)(手)(的)(国)(资)(,对)(孙)(尚)(传)(就)(是)(“久)(旱)(逢)(甘)(露)(”般)(的)(存)(在)(。
这)(样)(的)(故)(事)(原)(本)(堪)(称)(佳)(话)(。混)(改)(本)(来)(就)(是)(希)(望)(国)(企)(和)(民)(企)(优)(势)(互)(补)(,但)(过)(去)(国)(企)(参)(股)(民)(企)(的)(案)(例)(可)(是)(不)(多)(。
都)(是)(国)(民)(经)(济)(的)(有)(机)(组)(成)(,相)(互)(提)(携)(简)(直)(再)(好)(不)(过)(。不)(过)(,重)(要)(而)(微)(妙)(的)(变)(化)(往)(往)(隐)(藏)(在)(细)(节)(中)(。
02
把)(视)(线)(稍)(稍)(拉)(长)(一)(点)(。
2018年)(1月)(1日)(以)(来)(,包)(括)(国)(资)(委)(、地)(方)(国)(资)(委)(、中)(央)(事)(业)(单)(位)(在)(内)(的)(“国)(资)(系)(”正)(在)(参)(与)(或)(已)(经)(完)(成)(了)(24家)(A股)(上)(市)(公)(司)(的)(股)(权)(交)(易)(,总)(市)(值)(已)(超)(过)(1330亿)(元)(。
来)(源)(:Wind数)(据)(、各)(上)(市)(公)(司)(公)(告)(,蓝)(色)(底)(纹)(为)(后)(续)(终)(止)(协)(议)(
它)(暗)(示)(着)(,有)(一)(批)(民)(企)(正)(在)(过)(冬)(,它)(们)(过)(冬)(方)(式)(是)(“投)(靠)(”国)(企)(。
而)(且)(,这)(些)(过)(冬)(的)(企)(业)(基)(本)(素)(质)(都)(还)(不)(错)(,为)(什)(么)(效)(率)(高)(的)(民)(企)(现)(在)(反)(而)(这)(么)(依)(靠)(效)(率)(低)(的)(国)(企)(了)(?
寒)(风)(来)(得)(猝)(不)(及)(防)(。2016年)(是)(推)(进)(供)(给)(侧)(改)(革)(元)(年)(,正)(在)(煤)(炭)(、钢)(铁)(、发)(电)(等)(产)(业)(上)(游)(厮)(杀)(的)(国)(企)(和)(民)(企)(,突)(然)(就)(被)(勒)(令)(下)(台)(退)(赛)(了)(。40年)(的)(高)(速)(发)(展)(,中)(国)(早)(已)(臃)(肿)(不)(堪)(,去)(产)(能)(成)(了)(新)(常)(态)(下)(的)(应)(激)(反)(应)(。
可)(是)(,由)(于)(国)(企)(体)(量)(大)(,在)(供)(给)(侧)(改)(革)(中)(只)(是)(掉)(了)(几)(块)(肉)(。相)(比)(之)(下)(,多)(是)(中)(小)(规)(模)(的)(民)(企)(,在)(原)(本)(已)(经)(不)(明)(朗)(的)(局)(势)(下)(,败)(走)(麦)(城)(。
比)(如)(,去)(产)(能)(实)(施)(后)(,铝)(价)(大)(涨)(。中)(国)(铝)(业)(因)(此)(迎)(来)(利)(润)(爆)(发)(,2017年)(上)(半)(年)(利)(润)(飙)(升)(10倍)(。
而)(全)(球)(最)(大)(的)(原)(铝)(生)(产)(私)(人)(企)(业)(——在)(香)(港)(上)(市)(的)(中)(国)(宏)(桥)(,则)(因)(为)(刚)(刚)(关)(停)(了)(涉)(及)(年)(产)(268万)(吨)(的)(铝)(产)(品)(产)(能)(,而)(没)(能)(在)(飙)(涨)(的)(铝)(价)(中)(收)(获)(喜)(悦)(,反)(而)(面)(临)(被)(海)(外)(机)(构)(做)(空)(的)(威)(胁)(。
还)(有)(就)(是)(一)(刀)(切)(的)(环)(保)(风)(暴)(。
看)(一)(下)(风)(暴)(过)(后)(——
浙)(江)(省)(染)(厂)(、纺)(织)(厂)(,关)(闭)(377家)(,搬)(迁)(140家)(,签)(订)(搬)(迁)(协)(议)(54家)(,断)(电)(1631家)(。2577家)(“三)(无)(”企)(业)(全)(部)(关)(闭)(。广)(东)(省)(关)(闭)(623家)(,搬)(迁)(265家)(,断)(电)(4263家)(……
你)(当)(然)(可)(以)(说)(,这)(些)(设)(备)(、技)(术)(不)(过)(关)(的)(企)(业)(就)(该)(被)(淘)(汰)(。问)(题)(是)(,审)(批)(、管)(理)(、整)(改)(……早)(干)(嘛)(去)(了)(?
推)(进)(市)(场)(化)(改)(革)(才)(是)(去)(产)(能)(的)(应)(有)(之)(义)(。
1997年)(,当)(时)(的)(国)(务)(院)(要)(求)(“用)(3年)(左)(右)(时)(间)(压)(缩)(淘)(汰)(落)(后)(棉)(纺)(锭)(1000万)(锭)(,分)(流)(安)(置)(下)(岗)(职)(工)(120万)(人)(,到)(2000年)(实)(现)(全)(行)(业)(扭)(亏)(为)(盈)(。”
浙)(江)(省)(一)(位)(纺)(织)(企)(业)(老)(板)(表)(示)(,实)(施)(了)(纺)(织)(压)(锭)(之)(后)(,纺)(织)(行)(业)(仿)(佛)(就)(被)(国)(家)(遗)(忘)(了)(,不)(但)(纺)(织)(工)(业)(部)(作)(为)(一)(个)(部)(委)(被)(撤)(销)(,而)(且)(国)(家)(对)(纺)(织)(行)(业)(也)(几)(乎)(不)(再)(提)(供)(任)(何)(补)(贴)(和)(政)(策)(性)(优)(惠)(。大)(量)(国)(有)(纺)(织)(企)(业)(被)(兼)(并)(收)(购)(,整)(个)(行)(业)(基)(本)(上)(是)(市)(场)(化)(运)(营)(。
他)(还)(说)(:“如)(果)(不)(是)(现)(在)(棉)(花)(价)(格)(依)(然)(是)(国)(家)(管)(控)(,整)(个)(纺)(织)(行)(业)(的)(盈)(利)(水)(平)(可)(能)(会)(更)(高)(。”
环)(保)(要)(的)(是)(细)(水)(长)(流)(。门)(槛)(把)(好)(,哪)(会)(今)(天)(一)(个)(风)(暴)(,明)(天)(一)(个)(风)(暴)(?
03
只)(有)(风)(暴)(也)(就)(罢)(了)(,民)(企)(过)(去)(还)(有)(夹)(缝)(中)(的)(生)(存)(土)(壤)(。只)(是)(在)(大)(势)(之)(下)(,土)(壤)(也)(被)(大)(风)(卷)(起)(。
本)(来)(,民)(企)(可)(以)(通)(过)(贷)(款)(和)(融)(资)(来)(缓)(解)(生)(产)(和)(经)(营)(的)(危)(机)(。但)(是)(现)(在)(民)(企)(出)(现)(了)(难)(贷)(款)(、难)(融)(资)(、易)(负)(债)(的)(局)(面)(。
民)(营)(企)(业)(由)(于)(规)(模)(相)(对)(较)(小)(,天)(然)(具)(有)(风)(险)(性)(,因)(此)(难)(以)(从)(国)(有)(银)(行)(主)(导)(的)(金)(融)(体)(系)(内)(部)(获)(得)(充)(足)(的)(信)(贷)(。
根)(据)(现)(有)(的)(民)(营)(企)(业)(信)(贷)(案)(例)(,有)(两)(种)(策)(略)(可)(供)(选)(择)(:一)(、支)(付)(比)(政)(府)(规)(定)(的)(贷)(款)(利)(率)(更)(高)(的)(利)(率)(,从)(国)(有)(银)(行)(主)(导)(的)(金)(融)(体)(系)(中)(获)(得)(信)(贷)(;二)(、通)(过)(民)(间)(信)(贷)(渠)(道)(获)(得)(外)(部)(融)(资)(。
成)(本)(当)(然)(高)(,但)(好)(过)(没)(钱)(,以)(至)(于)(经)(营)(不)(下)(去)(。
2017年)(,山)(东)(聊)(城)(市)(冠)(县)(发)(生)(的)(“辱)(母)(杀)(人)(案)(”,当)(地)(企)(业)(主)(苏)(银)(霞)(借)(的)(高)(利)(贷)(利)(率)(高)(达)(年)(息)(313%,虽)(然)(大)(大)(超)(过)(了)(国)(家)(规)(定)(的)(合)(法)(年)(息)(36%的)(上)(限)(,但)(你)(能)(不)(借)(吗)(?
今)(年)(的)(情)(况)(很)(难)(。P2P炸)(雷)(干)(掉)(了)(不)(少)(中)(小)(企)(业)(,股)(市)(低)(迷)(,让)(一)(些)(上)(市)(公)(司)(面)(临)(资)(金)(链)(断)(裂)(和)(债)(务)(违)(约)(风)(险)(。前)(述)(“投)(靠)(”国)(资)(的)(24家)(上)(市)(公)(司)(全)(部)(遭)(遇)(股)(价)(大)(幅)(下)(跌)(,8家)(公)(司)(股)(价)(直)(接)(腰)(斩)(,16家)(公)(司)(跌)(幅)(超)(过)(30%。同)(时)(大)(量)(公)(司)(账)(面)(亏)(损)(、债)(务)(重)(组)(或)(违)(约)(……
在)(至)(暗)(时)(刻)(,什)(么)(都)(会)(发)(生)(。
1块)(钱)(买)(不)(到)(桶)(装)(方)(便)(面)(,买)(不)(到)(房)(,却)(能)(获)(得)(一)(家)(上)(市)(公)(司)(的)(控)(制)(权)(。2018年)(7月)(25日)(,北)(京)(金)(一)(文)(化)(发)(展)(股)(份)(有)(限)(公)(司)(发)(布)(公)(告)(称)(,控)(股)(股)(东)(碧)(空)(龙)(翔)(以)(1元)(的)(交)(易)(价)(款)(把)(73.32%的)(股)(权)(转)(让)(给)(海)(科)(金)(集)(团)(。北)(京)(市)(海)(淀)(区)(国)(资)(委)(成)(为)(公)(司)(实)(控)(人)(。
如)(果)(不)(是)(5亿)(的)(亏)(损)(和)(15亿)(可)(交)(换)(债)(的)(停)(滞)(,谁)(敢)(断)(言)(,引)(领)(中)(国)(工)(业)(的)(人)(不)(能)(是)(孙)(尚)(传)(呢)(?
现)(实)(中)(没)(有)(如)(果)(。对)(于)(中)(国)(的)(民)(营)(企)(业)(来)(说)(,找)(不)(到)(抵)(御)(风)(暴)(的)(方)(法)(,就)(只)(有)(死)(路)(一)(条)(。被)(去)(产)(能)(、去)(杠)(杆)(、信)(贷)(歧)(视)(、贸)(易)(环)(境)(和)(税)(收)(变)(化)(、社)(保)(新)(政)(联)(手)(摧)(残)(着)(的)(民)(企)(们)(,纷)(纷)(看)(到)(了)(国)(企)(的)(力)(量)(。凛)(冽)(寒)(风)(中)(,他)(们)(紧)(紧)(抱)(住)(了)(国)(企)(。
那)(么)(,新)(的)(问)(题)(出)(现)(了)(。国)(企)(真)(的)(愿)(意)(挽)(救)(看)(似)(衰)(败)(不)(堪)(的)(民)(企)(吗)(?
04
国)(企)(“扫)(货)(“本)(身)(当)(然)(也)(符)(合)(市)(场)(逻)(辑)(。
可)(以)(看)(出)(来)(,这)(一)(次)(国)(企)(逆)(袭)(主)(要)(体)(现)(在)(主)(动)(布)(局)(产)(业)(、从)(”管)(资)(产)(“向)(”管)(资)(本)(“转)(变)(和)(混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(改)(革)(三)(个)(方)(面)(。
24家)(上)(市)(公)(司)(中)(,超)(过)(10家)(公)(司)(属)(于)(高)(新)(科)(技)(电)(子)(和)(环)(保)(新)(材)(料)(领)(域)(。这)(不)(得)(不)(让)(人)(觉)(得)(是)(国)(有)(资)(本)(的)(一)(次)(产)(业)(布)(局)(。在)(推)(进)(混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(改)(革)(的)(过)(程)(中)(,国)(企)(逐)(渐)(地)(从)(引)(入)(民)(资)(到)(主)(动)(出)(击)(,布)(局)(产)(业)(。
在)(军)(事)(方)(面)(,9月)(17日)(中)(午)(,被)(誉)(为)(“国)(产)(毫)(米)(波)(雷)(达)(龙)(头)(”雷)(科)(防)(务)(发)(布)(公)(告)(,大)(股)(东)(常)(发)(集)(团)(拟)(将)(持)(有)(的)(全)(部)(1.91亿)(股)(股)(份)((占)(公)(司)(总)(股)(本)(的)(16.74%)转)(让)(给)(北)(京)(青)(旅)(中)(兵)(资)(产)(管)(理)(有)(限)(公)(司)(等)(企)(业)(,大)(股)(东)(变)(更)(。
在)(环)(保)(方)(面)(,与)(国)(家)(电)(网)(同)(台)(讨)(论)(企)(业)(创)(新)(的)(北)(京)(三)(聚)(环)(保)(,为)(基)(础)(能)(源)(工)(业)(提)(供)(产)(品)(清)(洁)(服)(务)(,是)(国)(家)(推)(进)(环)(保)(工)(作)(的)(一)(大)(力)(量)(。今)(年)(7月)(底)(,海)(淀)(区)(国)(资)(委)(出)(手)(收)(购)(三)(聚)(环)(保)(,股)(份)(转)(让)(类)(型)(更)(是)(“无)(偿)(划)(转)(”。
在)(供)(应)(链)(方)(面)(,深)(圳)(市)(国)(资)(委)(出)(手)(入)(资)(的)(怡)(亚)(通)(是)(国)(内)(供)(应)(链)(巨)(头)(。5月)(15日)(,它)(将)(13.3%的)(股)(份)(转)(让)(给)(深)(圳)(投)(控)(,后)(者)(实)(控)(人)(为)(深)(圳)(市)(国)(资)(委)(。据)(了)(解)(,深)(圳)(投)(控)(及)(怡)(亚)(通)(双)(方)(将)(打)(造)(深)(圳)(全)(球)(供)(应)(链)(管)(理)(中)(心)(。
在)(顶)(着)(风)(暴)(独)(上)(险)(峰)(的)(路)(上)(,信)(心)(是)(最)(后)(一)(根)(稻)(草)(。国)(企)(自)(身)(的)(改)(革)(,如)(果)(把)(民)(企)(的)(信)(心)(都)(搞)(没)(了)(,后)(果)(将)(不)(堪)(设)(想)(。
十)(八)(届)(三)(中)(全)(会)(后)(,中)(国)(联)(通)(引)(入)(BAT,人)(们)(一)(度)(认)(为)(国)(资)(国)(企)(改)(革)(、混)(合)(经)(济)(改)(革)(会)(加)(快)(。但)(总)(体)(上)(,国)(企)(混)(改)(从)(引)(入)(民)(资)(到)(收)(编)(民)(资)(,国)(有)(资)(本)(进)(入)(资)(本)(投)(资)(的)(“逆)(混)(改)(”反)(倒)(成)(为)(趋)(势)(。
北)(京)(大)(学)(国)(家)(发)(展)(研)(究)(院)(院)(长)(姚)(洋)(认)(为)(:
“如)(果)(搞)(混)(改)(的)(目)(的)(是)(让)(国)(企)(去)(把)(民)(营)(企)(业)(给)(吃)(掉)(,特)(别)(是)(在)(民)(企)(最)(困)(难)(的)(时)(候)(,那)(国)(企)(就)(是)(趁)(虚)(而)(入)(。国)(企)(搞)(逆)(向)(混)(改)(,对)(民)(企)(信)(心)(的)(打)(击)(非)(常)(大)(。“
根)(据)(招)(商)(银)(行)(首)(席)(经)(济)(学)(家)(丁)(安)(华)(研)(究)(,得)(益)(于)(市)(场)(化)(改)(革)(进)(程)(,私)(营)(企)(业)(的)(工)(业)(增)(加)(值)(增)(速)(一)(直)(高)(于)(国)(有)(企)(业)(,甚)(至)(整)(个)(民)(营)(经)(济)(增)(加)(值)(占)(全)(国)(GDP比)(重)(在)(近)(年)(超)(过)(了)(60%。但)(是)(情)(况)(从)(2016年)(开)(始)(突)(然)(发)(生)(了)(变)(化)(:国)(有)(企)(业)(工)(业)(增)(加)(值)(按)(月)(增)(速)(开)(始)(回)(升)(,而)(私)(营)(企)(业)(在)(五)(年)(间)(整)(体)(维)(持)(增)(加)(值)(增)(速)(持)(续)(下)(行)(的)(态)(势)(。2017年)(6月)(开)(始)(出)(现)(“死)(亡)(交)(叉)(”,国)(有)(企)(业)(工)(业)(增)(加)(值)(当)(月)(同)(比)(增)(速)(开)(始)(超)(过)(私)(营)(企)(业)(。
当)(国)(有)(企)(业)(再)(次)(成)(为)(中)(国)(经)(济)(的)(半)(个)(推)(手)(时)(,苦)(苦)(挣)(扎)(的)(民)(企)(们)(还)(有)(登)(顶)(的)(机)(会)(吗)(?
攀)(登)(珠)(穆)(朗)(玛)(峰)(有)(两)(条)(线)(路)(:北)(坡)(与)(南)(坡)(。两)(条)(路)(线)(走)(法)(不)(同)(、结)(局)(也)(不)(同)(。珠)(峰)(北)(坡)(陡)(峭)(、危)(险)(,无)(现)(成)(道)(路)(可)(走)(,攀)(爬)(需)(要)(探)(索)(,因)(此)(历)(尽)(艰)(辛)(,需)(经)(历)(比)(较)(长)(的)(过)(程)(,可)(“无)(限)(风)(光)(在)(险)(峰)(”。因)(此)(,北)(坡)(的)(道)(路)(永)(远)(都)(是)(不)(设)(限)(的)(。如)(果)(是)(从)(珠)(峰)(南)(坡)(上)(去)(就)(不)(一)(样)(了)(。虽)(然)(南)(坡)(道)(路)(相)(对)(平)(缓)(、好)(走)(,一)(路)(更)(为)(轻)(松)(自)(在)(,但)(此)(路)(未)(必)(是)(最)(好)(的)(选)(择)(。
民)(企)(和)(国)(企)(,就)(像)(中)(国)(经)(济)(的)(北)(坡)(和)(南)(坡)(。
&多)(读)(者)(还)(没)(养)(成)(阅)(读)(后)(点)(赞)(的)(习)(惯)(,如)(果)(觉)(得)(智)(谷)(做)(得)(不)(错)(,记)(得)(点)(个)(赞)(表)(示)(鼓)(励)(哦)(。返)(回)(搜)(狐)(,查)(看)(更)(多)(责)(任)(编)(辑)(:
声)(明)(:该)(文)(观)(点)(仅)(代)(表)(作)(者)(本)(人)(,搜)(狐)(号)(系)(信)(息)(发)(布)(平)(台)(,搜)(狐)(仅)(提)(供)(信)(息)(存)(储)(空)(间)(服)(务)(。
阅)(读)(()
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