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美国发现首例“无敌细菌”

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2018年12月10日 08:14:28
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(  美)(国)(疾)(病)(控)(制)(和)(预)(防)(中)(心)(26日)(证)(实)(,美)(国)(发)(现)(首)(例)(“无)(敌)(细)(菌)(”病)(例)(,对)(现)(阶)(段)(全)(部)(抗)(生)(素)(都)(具)(有)(耐)(药)(性)(。
  对)(现)(阶)(段)(全)(部)(抗)(生)(素)(具)(备)(耐)(药)(性)(
  美)(国)(微)(生)(物)(学)(会)(刊)(物)(《抗)(微)(生)(物)(制)(剂)(与)(化)(学)(疗)(法)(》的)(一)(篇)(报)(告)(说)(,美)(国)(一)(名)(49岁)(女)(性)(4月)(26日)(因)(尿)(路)(感)(染)(症)(状)(就)(医)(,被)(发)(现)(感)(染)(这)(种)(细)(菌)(。报)(告)(没)(有)(说)(明)(这)(名)(女)(患)(者)(现)(在)(情)(况)(如)(何)(。
  中)(国)(和)(英)(国)(研)(究)(人)(员)(去)(年)(在)(英)(国)(《柳)(叶)(刀)(·传)(染)(病)(》杂)(志)(上)(首)(次)(报)(告)(,在)(中)(国)(的)(畜)(禽)(和)(人)(类)(身)(上)(发)(现)(携)(带)(MCR—1基)(因)(的)(细)(菌)(。
  这)(种)(基)(因)(使)(得)(细)(菌)(对)(现)(阶)(段)(全)(部)(抗)(生)(素)(具)(备)(耐)(药)(性)(,包)(括)(被)(视)(为)(“最)(后)(一)(道)(防)(线)(”的)(粘)(菌)(素)(。
  粘)(菌)(素)(早)(在)(1959年)(就)(开)(始)(使)(用)(,然)(而)(由)(于)(对)(肾)(脏)(有)(损)(害)(,于)(上)(世)(纪)(七)(八)(十)(年)(代)(停)(止)(用)(于)(人)(体)(,但)(是)(在)(畜)(禽)(饲)(养)(业)(中)(仍)(广)(泛)(使)(用)(。
  不)(过)(,由)(于)(细)(菌)(对)(抗)(生)(素)(的)(耐)(药)(性)(越)(来)(越)(强)(,这)(名)(“老)(将)(”又)(披)(挂)(上)(阵)(。“它)(是)(一)(种)(老)(抗)(生)(素)(,但)(它)(是)(我)(们)(所)(剩)(唯)(一)(能)(对)(抗)(噩)(梦)(细)(菌)(的)(抗)(生)(素)(。”美)(国)(疾)(病)(控)(制)(和)(预)(防)(中)(心)(主)(任)(托)(马)(斯)(·弗)(里)(登)(26日)(说)(,“我)(们)(正)(面)(临)(进)(入)(后)(抗)(生)(素)(时)(代)(的)(危)(险)(。”
  他)(当)(天)(在)(美)(国)(全)(国)(记)(者)(协)(会)(午)(餐)(会)(上)(说)(:“对)(耐)(药)(性)(的)(情)(况)(研)(究)(越)(多)(,我)(们)(越)(忧)(虑)(。对)(一)(些)(患)(者)(而)(言)(,已)(经)(无)(药)(可)(医)(。我)(们)(必)(须)(紧)(急)(行)(动)(起)(来)(,否)(则)(抗)(生)(素)(将)(走)(到)(尽)(头)(。”
  可)(能)(会)(迅)(速)(传)(播)(
  报)(告)(说)(,这)(名)(美)(国)(女)(患)(者)(住)(在)(宾)(夕)(法)(尼)(亚)(州)(,病)(情)(被)(发)(现)(前)(5个)(月)(内)(没)(有)(去)(过)(其)(他)(国)(家)(。弗)(里)(登)(说)(,她)(的)(病)(不)(大)(可)(能)(感)(染)(自)(其)(他)(国)(家)(。
  美)(国)(哈)(佛)(医)(学)(院)(微)(生)(物)(学)(家)(盖)(尔)(·卡)(斯)(尔)(警)(告)(:“这)(是)(危)(险)(情)(况)(。我)(们)(可)(以)(推)(测)(,它)(可)(能)(会)(迅)(速)(传)(播)(。如)(果)(防)(护)(不)(当)(,甚)(至)(可)(能)(在)(医)(院)(传)(播)(。”
  另)(外)(,强)(耐)(药)(细)(菌)(从)(动)(物)(传)(播)(至)(人)(,也)(是)(主)(要)(忧)(患)(。
  卡)(斯)(尔)(说)(,必)(须)(进)(一)(步)(弄)(清)(这)(名)(病)(患)(的)(感)(染)(源)(和)(这)(种)(细)(菌)(在)(美)(国)(及)(全)(球)(的)(存)(在)(情)(况)(,然)(后)(才)(能)(知)(道)(它)(的)(传)(播)(速)(度)(。
  她)(建)(议)(,为)(避)(免)(感)(染)(,公)(众)(应)(该)(认)(真)(洗)(手)(,水)(果)(和)(蔬)(菜)(应)(彻)(底)(洗)(净)(后)(食)(用)(,应)(该)(用)(正)(确)(方)(法)(处)(理)(其)(他)(食)(材)(。
  滥)(用)(抗)(生)(素)(是)(主)(因)(
  滥)(用)(抗)(生)(素)(是)(导)(致)(细)(菌)(耐)(药)(性)(越)(来)(越)(强)(的)(主)(要)(原)(因)(。
  在)(美)(国)(,每)(年)(至)(少)(2.3万)(名)(病)(患)(因)(抗)(生)(素)(无)(效)(死)(亡)(。而)(且)(,抗)(生)(素)(在)(禽)(畜)(身)(上)(也)(遭)(滥)(用)(,从)(另)(一)(个)(方)(面)(降)(低)(了)(它)(们)(的)(抗)(病)(效)(果)(。
  世)(界)(卫)(生)(组)(织)(总)(干)(事)(陈)(冯)(富)(珍)(2月)(在)(欧)(洲)(联)(盟)(一)(次)(耐)(药)(性)(问)(题)(会)(议)(上)(说)(,如)(果)(粘)(菌)(素)(失)(效)(,“我)(们)(就)(失)(去)(了)(对)(抗)(一)(系)(列)(严)(重)(感)(染)(的)(最)(后)(药)(品)(”。
  “这)(是)(一)(场)(危)(机)(,全)(球)(危)(机)(。”她)(警)(告)(。
  美)(国)(疾)(病)(控)(制)(和)(预)(防)(中)(心)(主)(任)(弗)(里)(登)(说)(,必)(须)(研)(究)(新)(的)(抗)(生)(素)(,同)(时)(加)(强)(对)(现)(有)(药)(物)(的)(应)(用)(监)(管)(。“我)(们)(需)(要)(做)(非)(常)(全)(面)(的)(工)(作)(,以)(保)(护)(抗)(生)(素)(,从)(而)(我)(们)(能)(用)(它)(们)(,我)(们)(的)(后)(代)(能)(用)(它)(们)(。”
  路)(透)(社)(报)(道)(,许)(多)(药)(品)(生)(产)(商)(不)(愿)(意)(投)(资)(研)(发)(新)(抗)(生)(素)(,宁)(愿)(把)(资)(金)(用)(于)(价)(格)(高)(昂)(、利)(润)(更)(丰)(厚)(的)(抗)(癌)(药)(物)(和)(疑)(难)(病)(药)(物)(研)(发)(。
  今)(年)(1月)(,十)(多)(家)(大)(药)(企)(联)(合)(发)(表)(宣)(言)(,呼)(吁)(政)(府)(采)(取)(新)(的)(激)(励)(措)(施)(,推)(动)(药)(企)(研)(发)(新)(药)(以)(对)(抗)(具)(有)(强)(耐)(药)(性)(的)(“超)(级)(细)(菌)(”。
  文)(/惠)(晓)(霜)((新)(华)(社)(专)(特)(稿)()
)


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