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2014,地方政府如何还债?

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2018年12月10日 08:13:53
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谁有pc28信誉群信誉平台官方,招龙虎和代理注册实力诚招代理Q扣99277339时时彩龙虎和,意彩彩票代理,意彩官网,意彩平台注册,意彩乐官网,意彩娱乐官方网站2014,地方政府如何还债?

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(  一)(线)(城)(市)(今)(年)(能)(完)(成)(既)(定)(的)(还)(债)(任)(务)(吗)(?也)(许)(能)(完)(成)(,但)(前)(提)(是)(,继)(续)(举)(债)(。  按)(照)(各)(地)(审)(计)(部)(门)(要)(求)(,2014年)(,北)(京)(要)(偿)(还)(1940多)(亿)(,上)(海)(是)(2200多)(亿)(,广)(州)(按)(广)(东)(省)(标)(准)(粗)(略)(计)(算)(也)(有)(近)(500亿)(要)(还)(,均)(不)(包)(括)(利)(息)(。这)(些)(城)(市)(2013年)(的)(公)(共)(财)(政)(收)(支)(基)(本)(平)(衡)(或)(略)(有)(结)(余)(,但)(土)(地)(出)(让)(金)(中)(可)(支)(配)(部)(分)(甚)(至)(不)(及)(还)(债)(总)(额)(的)(1/3。  “今)(年)(肯)(定)(是)(要)(借)(钱)(才)(能)(还)(债)(了)(,单)(纯)(的)(依)(靠)(财)(政)(收)(入)(是)(不)(可)(能)(正)(常)(支)(付)(本)(息)(的)(。”财)(政)(部)(财)(政)(科)(学)(研)(究)(所)(副)(所)(长)(王)(朝)(才)(对)(经)(济)(观)(察)(报)(表)(示)(。  北)(上)(广)(如)(此)(,全)(国)(其)(他)(省)(市)(更)(不)(乐)(观)(。  一)(位)(江)(浙)(地)(区)(财)(税)(官)(员)(告)(诉)(经)(济)(观)(察)(报)(,现)(存)(地)(方)(债)(务)(的)(利)(息)(平)(均)(应)(该)(在)(15%左)(右)(,截)(止)(2013年)(6月)(地)(方)(政)(府)(负)(有)(偿)(还)(责)(任)(的)(债)(务)(是)(108859.17亿)(元)(,也)(就)(是)(说)(每)(年)(的)(还)(款)(利)(息)(最)(低)(也)(应)(该)(有)(接)(近)(1.6万)(亿)(,“这)(还)(是)(没)(有)(计)(算)(担)(保)(债)(务)(和)(救)(助)(债)(务)(的)(情)(况)(下)(”。  截)(至)(1月)(27日)(,共)(30个)(省)(级)(行)(政)(单)(位)(和)(3个)(计)(划)(单)(列)(市)(公)(布)(了)(地)(方)(政)(府)(性)(债)(务)(情)(况)(,排)(名)(第)(一)(的)(是)(江)(苏)(省)(,截)(止)(2013年)(6月)(负)(有)(偿)(还)(责)(任)(债)(务)(7635.72亿)(元)(,其)(救)(助)(债)(务)(占)(了)(全)(国)(的)(七)(分)(之)(一)(强)(。  中)(央)(财)(经)(大)(学)(中)(财)(-鹏)(元)(地)(方)(财)(政)(投)(融)(资)(研)(究)(所)(执)(行)(所)(长)(温)(来)(成)(对)(经)(济)(观)(察)(报)(表)(示)(,“借)(新)(债)(还)(旧)(债)(,在)(债)(务)(存)(量)(上)(没)(有)(变)(化)(,但)(是)(会)(引)(起)(每)(年)(债)(务)(的)(占)(比)(发)(生)(变)(化)(,这)(样)(做)(也)(只)(是)(将)(债)(务)(滚)(雪)(球)(般)(的)(滚)(下)(去)(。”  压)(力)(
  从)(流)(动)(资)(金)(来)(看)(,一)(线)(城)(市)(用)(每)(年)(的)(可)(支)(配)(财)(政)(收)(入)(去)(偿)(债)(是)(远)(远)(不)(够)(的)(。  上)(述)(江)(浙)(地)(区)(财)(税)(官)(员)(表)(示)(,现)(在)(地)(方)(政)(府)(的)(公)(共)(预)(算)(刚)(够)(一)(般)(开)(支)(,其)(余)(的)(依)(靠)(转)(移)(支)(付)(,未)(来)(的)(土)(地)(储)(备)(收)(益)(将)(是)(政)(府)(还)(债)(的)(主)(力)(军)(,土)(地)(收)(益)(除)(去)(各)(种)(成)(本)(后)(,在)(政)(府)(手)(里)(最)(高)(可)(以)(获)(得)(占)(土)(地)(出)(让)(金)(20%左)(右)(的)(自)(由)(支)(配)(资)(金)(。  以)(北)(京)(为)(例)(,截)(至)(2013年)(6月)(底)(,北)(京)(市)(本)(级)(和)(区)(县)(本)(级)(负)(有)(偿)(还)(责)(任)(的)(债)(务)(余)(额)(6496.32亿)(元)(,比)(2010年)(底)(增)(加)(3325.49亿)(元)(,年)(均)(增)(长)(33.23%。远)(超)(2010年)(到)(2013年)(北)(京)(市)(财)(政)(收)(入)(10%左)(右)(的)(增)(长)(速)(度)(。  财)(政)(收)(入)(有)(其)(自)(身)(的)(刚)(性)(支)(出)(需)(求)(。同)(样)(是)(北)(京)(,2013年)(全)(市)(地)(方)(公)(共)(财)(政)(预)(算)(收)(入)(完)(成)(3661.1亿)(元)(,预)(算)(支)(出)(则)(完)(成)(3740.8亿)(元)(,仅)(是)(勉)(强)(达)(到)(收)(支)(平)(衡)(,基)(本)(很)(难)(动)(用)(财)(政)(收)(入)(来)(偿)(还)(地)(方)(政)(府)(性)(债)(务)(本)(息)(。“土)(地)(收)(益)(是)(还)(债)(的)(一)(个)(大)(块)(,另)(外)(北)(京)(的)(地)(铁)(、交)(通)(等)(负)(债)(以)(未)(来)(收)(益)(做)(抵)(押)(的)(,优)(质)(的)(融)(资)(平)(台)(可)(以)(产)(生)(效)(益)(自)(行)(还)(债)(,还)(有)(北)(京)(负)(有)(偿)(还)(责)(任)(的)(逾)(期)(债)(务)(率)(仅)(为)(0.14%,偿)(债)(能)(力)(较)(强)(。但)(仅)(仅)(依)(靠)(这)(些)(,想)(还)(本)(付)(息)(,是)(不)(够)(的)(。”一)(位)(熟)(悉)(北)(京)(财)(政)(状)(况)(的)(人)(士)(对)(经)(济)(观)(察)(报)(说)(。  按)(照)(地)(方)(政)(府)(性)(债)(务)(审)(计)(报)(告)(,北)(京)(在)(2014年)(要)(偿)(还)(有)(偿)(还)(责)(任)(债)(务)(1940.39亿)(元)(,而)(2013年)(北)(京)(市)(土)(地)(出)(让)(金)(为)(1829.02亿)(元)(,抛)(去)(出)(让)(成)(本)(后)(收)(入)(仅)(有)(592.8亿)(元)(,另)(外)(,由)(于)(土)(地)(出)(让)(收)(入)(被)(中)(央)(政)(府)(规)(定)(了)(诸)(多)(用)(途)(,整)(体)(可)(自)(由)(支)(配)(部)(分)(并)(不)(多)(,以)(出)(让)(金)(总)(额)(的)(20%计)(算)(,北)(京)(市)(土)(地)(收)(入)(中)(只)(有)(不)(到)(400亿)(可)(以)(用)(来)(偿)(债)(。  其)(他)(一)(线)(城)(市)(情)(况)(类)(似)(。以)(2013年)(土)(地)(出)(让)(金)(按)(20%可)(自)(由)(支)(配)(部)(分)(计)(算)(,上)(海)(、广)(州)(分)(别)(仅)(能)(获)(得)(440亿)(和)(130亿)(左)(右)(的)(偿)(债)(资)(金)(来)(源)(,而)(上)(海)(2014年)(要)(偿)(还)(的)(债)(务)(为)(1443.94亿)(元)(,广)(州)(市)(截)(至)(2013年)(6月)(政)(府)(性)(债)(务)(2865亿)(元)(,如)(果)(以)(整)(个)(广)(东)(省)(设)(定)(的)(2014年)(债)(务)(偿)(还)(比)(例)(17.4%来)(计)(算)(,则)(将)(近)(500亿)(。  即)(使)(这)(样)(,情)(况)(可)(能)(更)(糟)(。中)(国)(社)(科)(院)(财)(经)(战)(略)(研)(究)(院)(税)(收)(研)(究)(室)(主)(任)(张)(斌)(介)(绍)(,现)(在)(每)(年)(土)(地)(收)(入)(中)(,地)(方)(政)(府)(可)(自)(由)(支)(配)(收)(入)(的)(百)(分)(比)(是)(在)(逐)(步)(下)(降)(的)(。2013年)(全)(国)(土)(地)(出)(让)(金)(虽)(然)(达)(到)(41250亿)(,但)(能)(够)(自)(由)(支)(配)(的)(部)(分)(约)(占)(20%,也)(就)(是)(说)(地)(方)(政)(府)(有)(8000亿)(左)(右)(的)(可)(支)(配)(资)(金)(,仅)(能)(偿)(还)(全)(部)(债)(务)(每)(年)(所)(产)(生)(利)(息)(的)(一)(半)(。“地)(方)(政)(府)(能)(够)(还)(债)(的)(收)(入)(很)(清)(楚)(,一)(是)(预)(算)(内)(资)(金)(安)(排)(,也)(就)(是)(税)(收)(和)(非)(税)(收)(入)(;二)(是)(政)(府)(性)(基)(金)(的)(土)(地)(出)(让)(收)(入)(,这)(个)(才)(是)(大)(头)(;还)(有)(就)(是)(融)(资)(平)(台)(产)(生)(的)(收)(益)(,最)(后)(一)(个)(就)(是)(救)(命)(用)(的)(借)(新)(债)(还)(旧)(债)(。”上)(述)(江)(浙)(地)(区)(财)(政)(系)(统)(官)(员)(表)(示)(。  这)(意)(味)(着)(,相)(对)(来)(说)(,银)(行)(贷)(款)(算)(是)(比)(较)(廉)(价)(的)(救)(命)(稻)(草)(。一)(位)(国)(有)(商)(业)(银)(行)(基)(层)(行)(长)(也)(印)(证)(了)(上)(述)(说)(法)(,“银)(行)(贷)(款)(给)(政)(府)(全)(部)(加)(上)(利)(息)(应)(该)(在)(10%左)(右)(,但)(是)(其)(他)(融)(资)(平)(台)(的)(成)(本)(就)(比)(我)(们)(高)(很)(多)(,股)(份)(制)(银)(行)(的)(利)(息)(就)(比)(四)(大)(行)(要)(高)(,其)(他)(的)(融)(资)(渠)(道)(利)(息)(会)(更)(高)(,平)(均)(到)(15%还)(是)(有)(比)(较)(大)(的)(可)(能)(。”
  办)(法)(
  除)(了)(省)(级)(预)(算)(中)(可)(以)(看)(到)(归)(还)(由)(财)(政)(部)(代)(发)(的)(地)(方)(债)(券)(外)(,大)(部)(分)(的)(地)(方)(政)(府)(性)(债)(务)(,在)(公)(开)(的)(预)(算)(报)(告)(中)(是)(看)(不)(到)(还)(债)(计)(划)(的)(,但)(并)(不)(代)(表)(没)(有)(计)(划)(。  一)(位)(熟)(知)(情)(况)(的)(财)(税)(系)(统)(人)(士)(称)(,除)(了)(政)(府)(预)(算)(外)(,还)(有)(一)(本)(政)(府)(性)(债)(务)(计)(划)(报)(告)(,但)(是)(现)(在)(大)(部)(分)(的)(政)(府)(性)(债)(务)(计)(划)(报)(告)(并)(不)(对)(外)(公)(布)(。  经)(济)(观)(察)(报)(从)(一)(份)(地)(级)(市)(的)(《政)(府)(性)(债)(务)(管)(理)(暂)(行)(办)(法)(》中)(获)(知)(,政)(府)(性)(债)(务)(年)(度)(收)(支)(计)(划)(由)(同)(级)(财)(政)(部)(门)(负)(责)(汇)(总)(编)(制)(,同)(时)(,举)(债)(的)(政)(府)(及)(其)(所)(属)(部)(门)(、单)(位)(以)(及)(政)(府)(融)(资)(平)(台)(公)(司)(应)(当)(于)(次)(年)(1月)(底)(前)(,向)(同)(级)(财)(政)(部)(门)(报)(送)(政)(府)(性)(债)(务)(年)(度)(收)(支)(计)(划)(执)(行)(情)(况)(和)(资)(金)(使)(用)(报)(告)(。  也)(就)(是)(说)(,如)(何)(还)(债)(、怎)(么)(还)(债)(,基)(本)(都)(是)(关)(起)(门)(来)(操)(作)(。一)(份)(2012年)(江)(苏)(省)(政)(府)(性)(债)(务)(管)(理)(暂)(行)(办)(法)(的)(通)(知)(显)(示)(,债)(务)(偿)(还)(资)(金)(来)(源)(分)(七)(类)(,分)(别)(是)(债)(务)(建)(设)(项)(目)(投)(入)(使)(用)(后)(的)(收)(益)(;债)(务)(主)(体)(的)(自)(有)(资)(金)(和)(资)(产)(处)(置)(收)(益)(;债)(务)(主)(体)(的)(其)(他)(收)(益)(;财)(政)(预)(算)(安)(排)(的)(专)(项)(偿)(债)(资)(金)(;经)(批)(准)(的)(国)(有)(资)(产)(经)(营)(收)(益)(和)(资)(产)(处)(置)(收)(益)(;经)(批)(准)(的)(政)(府)(偿)(债)(准)(备)(金)(;法)(律)(法)(规)(规)(定)(的)(其)(他)(来)(源)(。  在)(众)(多)(地)(方)(政)(府)(的)(国)(有)(资)(产)(中)(,土)(地)(仍)(然)(是)(大)(头)(。上)(述)(江)(浙)(地)(区)(财)(政)(官)(员)(说)(,现)(在)(不)(少)(地)(方)(政)(府)(还)(在)(储)(备)(土)(地)(,未)(来)(土)(地)(收)(益)(将)(会)(成)(为)(还)(债)(的)(主)(要)(来)(源)(,但)(土)(地)(储)(备)(在)(没)(有)(出)(让)(之)(前)(,本)(就)(是)(为)(收)(储)(土)(地)(而)(产)(生)(的)(债)(务)(。  审)(计)(署)(公)(布)(的)(34 个)(重)(点)(城)(市)(截)(至)(2013 年)(6 月)(底)(,储)(备)(土)(地)(16.02 万)(公)(顷)(。北)(京)(一)(马)(当)(先)(,土)(地)(收)(储)(债)(务)(达)(到)(3351亿)(元)(,占)(据)(债)(务)(总)(额)(的)(一)(半)(,上)(海)(土)(地)(收)(储)(债)(务)(也)(达)(到)(1590亿)(。  以)(上)(各)(种)(收)(益)(再)(加)(上)(偿)(债)(准)(备)(金)(,离)(地)(方)(政)(府)(偿)(还)(债)(务)(本)(息)(依)(然)(十)(分)(遥)(远)(。在)(上)(述)(官)(员)(看)(来)(,2014年)(甚)(至)(几)(年)(内)(,除)(非)(是)(政)(府)(大)(规)(模)(变)(现)(手)(中)(除)(去)(土)(地)(之)(外)(的)(其)(他)(优)(质)(资)(产)(,不)(然)(还)(是)(只)(能)(依)(靠)(借)(新)(债)(还)(旧)(债)(。  “现)(在)(地)(方)(政)(府)(发)(展)(经)(济)(上)(大)(项)(目)(时)(,除)(去)(中)(央)(的)(资)(金)(,还)(需)(要)(大)(量)(配)(套)(资)(金)(,不)(少)(还)(是)(需)(要)(举)(债)(。”一)(位)(东)(部)(省)(份)(市)(级)(财)(政)(局)(局)(长)(表)(示)(,但)(如)(何)(偿)(还)(,从)(现)(金)(流)(量)(来)(看)(,地)(方)(政)(府)(每)(年)(还)(利)(息)(都)(非)(常)(艰)(难)(,整)(体)(上)(来)(看)(不)(具)(有)(偿)(还)(本)(息)(的)(可)(能)(性)(,只)(能)(通)(过)(借)(新)(还)(旧)(的)(债)(务)(滚)(动)(,将)(雪)(球)(向)(后)(滚)(动)(。  该)(市)(财)(政)(局)(长)(说)(,压)(力)(大)(是)(肯)(定)(的)(,主)(要)(的)(压)(力)(在)(市)(县)(两)(级)(,其)(实)(这)(么)(多)(年)(,早)(就)(能)(够)(面)(对)(各)(种)(债)(务)(问)(题)(,每)(年)(偿)(还)(着)(利)(息)(,还)(本)(是)(绝)(对)(不)(太)(可)(能)(的)(,需)(要)(还)(本)(的)(时)(候)(一)(般)(都)(是)(继)(续)(贷)(款)(或)(者)(借)(款)(一)(次)(,将)(前)(面)(的)(债)(务)(本)(息)(还)(上)(,接)(着)(在)(将)(新)(的)(债)(务)(顺)(延)(。“银)(行)(又)(不)(敢)(像)(对)(实)(体)(经)(济)(一)(样)(向)(地)(方)(政)(府)(抽)(贷)(,谁)(敢)(啊)(。”他)(说)(。
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