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要投区块链相关美股,先读懂区块链!

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2018年10月23日 20:25:08
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(原)(标)(题)(:要)(投)(区)(块)(链)(相)(关)(美)(股)(,先)(读)(懂)(区)(块)(链)(!
本)(文)(由)(TLS研)(究)(团)(队)(【微)(信)(号)(:tlsmeigu】及)(【微)(信)(号)(:tlsbit】独)(家)(发)(布)(,转)(载)(请)(注)(明)(出)(处)(。我)(们)(保)(留)(追)(究)(不)(署)(名)(转)(载)(机)(构)(和)(个)(人)(的)(法)(律)(权)(利)(。TLS是)(资)(深)(的)(华)(尔)(街)(投)(研)(团)(队)(,用)(华)(尔)(街)(的)(投)(研)(框)(架)(和)(十)(多)(年)(的)(多)(种)(资)(产)(研)(究)(经)(验)(,为)(中)(国)(投)(资)(人)(带)(来)(最)(权)(威)(的)(美)(股)(研)(究)(,以)(及)(数)(字)(货)(币)(和)(区)(块)(链)(研)(究)(,让)(你)(在)(这)(个)(数)(字)(资)(产)(时)(代)(如)(虎)(添)(翼)(!
随)(着)(近)(来)(比)(特)(币)(近)(似)(疯)(狂)(的)(大)(涨)(,其)(背)(后)(的)(区)(块)(链)(也)(跟)(着)(成)(为)(了)(又)(一)(个)(网)(络)(热)(词)(,几)(乎)(身)(边)(所)(有)(人)(都)(在)(谈)(论)(它)(。肯)(定)(不)(少)(人)(在)(想)(它)(到)(底)(是)(什)(么)(,机)(制)(是)(什)(么)(,有)(什)(么)(用)(处)(?今)(天)(这)(篇)(区)(块)(链)(101就)(为)(大)(家)(揭)(开)(区)(块)(链)(的)(神)(秘)(面)(纱)(,让)(大)(家)(一)(窥)(究)(竟)(。
下)(期)(预)(告)(:如)(何)(给)(比)(特)(币)(用)(估)(值)(?
我)(们)(的)(专)(业)(BlockchainAnalyst团)(队)(正)(在)(紧)(锣)(密)(鼓)(地)(建)(立)(专)(业)(的)(估)(值)(模)(型)(,在)(比)(特)(币)(等)(被)(传)(统)(金)(融)(市)(场)(接)(受)(的)(同)(时)(,为)(您)(带)(来)(华)(尔)(街)(最)(权)(威)(的)(中)(文)(区)(块)(链)(和)(数)(字)(货)(币)(研)(究)(
几)(乎)(所)(有)(介)(绍)(区)(块)(链)(的)(文)(章)(都)(是)(这)(么)(开)(头)(的)(,“区)(块)(链)(是)(一)(个)(去)(中)(心)(化)(的)(分)(布)(式)(账)(本)(”,概)(念)(很)(准)(确)(,没)(毛)(病)(,但)(似)(乎)(对)(一)(个)(技)(术)(小)(白)(来)(说)(有)(点)(儿)(晦)(涩)(,什)(么)(叫)(分)(布)(式)(账)(本)(,什)(么)(叫)(去)(中)(心)(化)(,链)(在)(哪)(儿)(等)(等)(。咱)(们)(先)(从)(回)(答)(这)(些)(最)(常)(见)(的)(问)(题)(说)(起)(。
首)(先)(,什)(么)(是)(分)(布)(式)(账)(本)(?
典)(型)(的)(普)(通)(账)(本)(是)(用)(来)(记)(录)(交)(易)(中)(参)(与)(者)((买)(家)(,卖)(家)(,中)(间)(方)()之)(间)(商)(业)(合)(约)(的)(记)(录)(工)(具)(,比)(如)(下)(图)(所)(示)(:
然)(而)(这)(些)(现)(有)(的)(商)(业)(账)(本)(存)(在)(着)(许)(多)(问)(题)(,比)(如)(低)(效)(率)(,成)(本)(高)(,不)(透)(明)(以)(及)(容)(易)(被)(篡)(改)(和)(欺)(诈)(。而)(这)(些)(问)(题)(的)(根)(源)(都)(是)(因)(为)(商)(业)(账)(本)(是)(依)(赖)(于)(一)(个)(集)(中)(化)(,信)(任)(为)(基)(础)(的)(第)(三)(方)(系)(统)(,比)(如)(银)(行)(等)(机)(构)(。这)(些)(系)(统)(则)(导)(致)(了)(许)(多)(瓶)(颈)(并)(拖)(慢)(了)(交)(易)(的)(过)(程)(。比)(如)(,缺)(乏)(透)(明)(度)(以)(及)(易)(受)(欺)(诈)(与)(恶)(意)(篡)(改)(会)(导)(致)(纠)(纷)(,而)(解)(决)(纠)(纷)((比)(如)(提)(供)(保)(险)(或)(撤)(回)(交)(易)()就)(会)(大)(大)(加)(大)(成)(本)(。同)(时)(,网)(络)(中)(参)(与)(者)(各)(自)(账)(本)(间)(的)(不)(够)(同)(步)(会)(导)(致)(由)(于)(信)(息)(的)(不)(足)(而)(产)(生)(的)(错)(误)(决)(定)(。
因)(此)(,所)(谓)(的)(分)(布)(式)(账)(本)(横)(空)(出)(世)(。分)(布)(式)(账)(本)(说)(白)(了)(就)(是)(一)(种)(数)(据)(库)(,在)(这)(种)(网)(络)(中)(,成)(员)(互)(相)(共)(享)(的)(,复)(制)(的)(并)(且)(即)(时)(同)(步)(。这)(种)(账)(本)(记)(录)(着)(网)(络)(参)(与)(者)(中)(发)(生)(的)(交)(易)(。更)(重)(要)(的)(是)(,参)(与)(者)(们)(用)(审)(查)(制)(度)(来)(共)(同)(管)(理)(并)(确)(认)(账)(本)(中)(交)(易)(的)(发)(生)(和)(更)(新)(,没)(有)(集)(中)(的)(第)(三)(方)(的)(参)(与)(其)(中)(。在)(分)(布)(式)(账)(本)(中)(,每)(一)(个)(交)(易)(都)(有)(一)(个)(时)(间)(戳)(和)(一)(个)(独)(有)(的)(加)(密)(签)(名)(,使)(得)(这)(个)(账)(本)(所)(有)(的)(交)(易)(都)(有)(迹)(可)(循)(。区)(块)(链)(就)(是)(分)(布)(式)(账)(本)(技)(术)(的)(一)(个)(重)(要)(的)(应)(用)(。
接)(着)(,第)(二)(个)(问)(题)(,什)(么)(是)(去)(中)(心)(化)(?
先)(来)(两)(个)(图)(直)(观)(的)(感)(受)(一)(下)(:
去)(中)(心)(化)((Decentralized)简)(单)(来)(说)(,就)(是)(没)(有)(独)(立)(的)(第)(三)(方)(来)(控)(制)(整)(个)(交)(易)(的)(账)(本)(,而)(是)(由)(整)(个)(网)(络)(的)(参)(与)(者)(来)(一)(起)(控)(制)(。去)(中)(心)(化)(是)(区)(块)(链)(技)(术)(的)(颠)(覆)(性)(特)(点)(,使)(得)(高)(效)(率)(、大)(规)(模)(、无)(中)(心)(化)(代)(理)(的)(信)(息)(交)(互)(方)(式)(成)(为)(了)(现)(实)(。
举)(个)(例)(子)(,比)(如)(你)(要)(在)(淘)(宝)(上)(买)(东)(西)(,交)(易)(流)(程)(一)(般)(是)(:你)(将)(钱)(打)(给)(支)(付)(宝)(-支)(付)(宝)(收)(款)(后)(通)(知)(卖)(家)(发)(货)(-卖)(家)(发)(货)(-你)(确)(认)(收)(货)(-支)(付)(宝)(把)(钱)(打)(给)(卖)(家)(。支)(付)(宝)(在)(这)(里)(就)(是)(第)(三)(方)(机)(构)(,你)(和)(卖)(家)(的)(交)(易)(都)(是)(围)(绕)(它)(展)(开)(。一)(旦)(支)(付)(宝)(系)(统)(出)(了)(问)(题)(便)(会)(造)(成)(这)(笔)(交)(易)(的)(失)(败)(。
而)(去)(中)(心)(化)(的)(处)(理)(方)(式)(就)(要)(显)(得)(简)(单)(很)(多)(,你)(只)(需)(要)(和)(卖)(家)(交)(换)(钱)(和)(手)(机)(,然)(后)(双)(方)(都)(声)(称)(完)(成)(了)(这)(笔)(交)(易)(,就)(行)(了)(,同)(时)(也)(不)(用)(担)(心)(自)(己)(与)(交)(易)(无)(关)(的)(信)(息)(泄)(漏)(。
很)(多)(人)(就)(会)(问)(了)(:如)(果)(没)(有)(了)(权)(威)(的)(中)(心)(化)(代)(理)(,怎)(样)(保)(证)(每)(笔)(交)(易)(的)(准)(确)(性)(和)(有)(效)(性)(呢)(?比)(如)(上)(个)(例)(子)(,我)(去)(买)(东)(西)(,钱)(花)(了)(货)(却)(不)(来)(,卖)(家)(也)(不)(承)(认)(订)(单)(怎)(么)(办)(?这)(里)(便)(引)(出)(了)(区)(块)(链)(运)(作)(机)(制)(-区)(块)(链)(是)(如)(何)(确)(认)(及)(保)(护)(交)(易)(的)(?
到)(底)(区)(块)(链)(如)(何)(确)(认)(与)(保)(护)(交)(易)(呢)(?
1)一)(致)(性)(协)(议)(
由)(于)(区)(块)(链)(并)(不)(依)(赖)(于)(传)(统)(的)(第)(三)(方)(来)(调)(解)(交)(易)(,因)(此)(区)(块)(网)(络)(上)(的)(每)(一)(个)(节)(点)(成)(员)(通)(过)(使)(用)(一)(致)(意)(见)((Consensus)协)(议)(来)(确)(认)(一)(个)(账)(本)(的)(内)(容)(。这)(种)(共)(识)(性)(的)(协)(议)(确)(保)(了)(每)(一)(个)(共)(享)(的)(账)(本)(是)(一)(样)(的)(,从)(而)(降)(低)(了)(欺)(诈)(的)(风)(险)(,因)(为)(如)(果)(要)(改)(变)(账)(本)(结)(果)(,必)(须)(同)(时)(改)(变)(所)(有)(其)(他)(分)(布)(的)(账)(本)((具)(体)(原)(理)(后)(面)(详)(细)(解)(释)()。
而)(这)(种)(一)(致)(意)(见)(协)(议)(的)(实)(现)(,则)(正)(是)(借)(助)(了)(区)(块)(链)(的)(分)(布)(式)((Distributed)性)(质)(,也)(称)(点)(对)(点)(网)(络)((peertopeernetwork)。
在)(这)(个)(网)(络)(中)(,所)(有)(人)(都)(可)(以)(加)(入)(,每)(当)(一)(个)(人)(加)(入)(到)(网)(络)(中)(,他)(都)(会)(得)(到)(一)(个)(区)(块)(链)(的)(完)(整)(副)(本)(。举)(个)(例)(子)(,如)(果)(此)(时)(有)(人)(创)(建)(了)(一)(个)(新)(的)(区)(块)((交)(易)(),那)(么)(这)(个)(区)(块)(将)(会)(被)(发)(送)(给)(网)(络)(中)(的)(每)(一)(个)(人)(,然)(后)(每)(个)(网)(络)(节)(点)(上)(的)(人)(都)(会)(来)(确)(认)(这)(个)(区)(块)(,从)(而)(保)(证)(这)(个)(区)(块)(不)(会)(被)(篡)(改)(。如)(果)(所)(有)(人)(都)(确)(认)(无)(误)(,每)(个)(节)(点)(上)(的)(人)(都)(把)(这)(个)(节)(点)(加)(到)(自)(己)(的)(区)(块)(链)(上)(。
这)(样)(,所)(有)(的)(节)(点)(就)(创)(建)(了)(一)(致)(性)(的)(意)(见)(,交)(易)(被)(确)(认)(。
2)加)(密)(机)(制)((电)(子)(签)(名)()
这)(一)(切)(又)(得)(先)(从)(最)(基)(本)(的)(区)(块)((block)说)(起)(。
区)(块)(实)(际)(上)(就)(是)(包)(含)(一)(个)(或)(多)(个)(交)(易)((transaction)的)(集)(合)(,每)(一)(个)(区)(块)(一)(般)(包)(含)(三)(样)(东)(西)(:数)(据)(,哈)(希)((算)(法)()和)(前)(一)(个)(区)(块)(的)(哈)(希)((算)(法)()。
数)(据)(:包)(含)(了)(一)(个)(交)(易)(所)(涉)(及)(的)(信)(息)(,拿)(比)(特)(币)(交)(易)(为)(例)(,数)(据)(包)(含)(比)(如)(买)(卖)(双)(方)(,交)(易)(金)(额)(等)(。
哈)(希)(:可)(以)(简)(单)(的)(类)(比)(为)(指)(纹)(,不)(同)(的)(人)(有)(不)(同)(的)(指)(纹)(,不)(同)(的)(区)(块)(也)(有)(着)(不)(同)(且)(唯)(一)(的)(哈)(希)(,用)(来)(确)(认)(区)(块)(及)(所)(包)(含)(的)(内)(容)(。每)(创)(建)(一)(个)(区)(块)(,它)(的)(哈)(希)(就)(会)(被)(计)(算)(一)(次)(,改)(变)(区)(块)(的)(内)(容)(,从)(而)(产)(生)(新)(的)(哈)(希)(。
前)(一)(个)(区)(块)(的)(哈)(希)(:它)(是)(成)(功)(创)(建)(一)(个)(区)(块)(链)(的)(关)(键)(,也)(是)(使)(区)(块)(链)(如)(此)(安)(全)(的)(原)(因)(。
举)(个)(例)(子)(,比)(如)(我)(们)(有)(一)(个)(包)(含)(三)(个)(区)(块)((1,2,3)的)(区)(块)(链)(,每)(个)(区)(块)(都)(有)(该)(区)(块)(的)(哈)(希)(和)(它)(前)(一)(个)(区)(块)(的)(哈)(希)(。区)(块)(3指)(向)(2,然)(后)(2指)(向)(1.第)(一)(个)(区)(块)(由)(于)(没)(有)(前)(一)(个)(,一)(般)(称)(为)(源)(区)(块)(。
这)(种)(设)(计)(,使)(得)(区)(块)(链)(的)(安)(全)(性)(极)(大)(的)(增)(加)(。举)(个)(例)(子)(,假)(如)(你)(要)(篡)(改)(其)(中)(一)(个)(区)(块)((第)(二)(个)(),那)(么)(由)(于)(第)(三)(个)(的)(前)(一)(个)(哈)(希)(和)(现)(在)(的)(第)(二)(个)(的)(哈)(希)(不)(同)(,导)(致)(第)(三)(个)(区)(块)(失)(效)(,依)(此)(类)(推)(,后)(面)(所)(有)(的)(区)(块)(都)(会)(一)(起)(失)(效)(。
因)(此)(一)(旦)(新)(的)(交)(易)(被)(确)(认)(,每)(个)(区)(块)(就)(会)(按)(照)(时)(间)(顺)(序)(加)(到)(已)(有)(的)(链)(上)(,交)(易)(完)(成)(。如)(此)(循)(环)(反)(覆)(,便)(产)(生)(了)(所)(谓)(的)(区)(块)(链)(。
这)(种)(点)(对)(点)(的)(,去)(中)(心)(化)(的)(性)(质)(,使)(得)(区)(块)(链)(非)(常)(安)(全)(,几)(乎)(不)(可)(能)(被)(篡)(改)(伪)(造)(。因)(为)(如)(果)(你)(要)(篡)(改)(记)(录)(,你)(必)(须)(使)(得)(网)(络)(中)(超)(过)(50%的)(节)(点)(都)(改)(变)(,同)(时)(也)(要)(改)(变)(区)(块)(链)(中)(之)(前)(所)(有)(的)(哈)(希)(,而)(这)(几)(乎)(是)(不)(可)(能)(的)(。
相)(必)(到)(这)(里)(你)(已)(经)(对)(区)(块)(链)(原)(理)(有)(了)(基)(本)(的)(认)(识)(,最)(后)(咱)(们)(再)(来)(看)(看)(区)(块)(链)(的)(应)(用)(与)(展)(望)(。
1.智)(能)(合)(约)((SmartContract)
区)(块)(链)(最)(重)(要)(的)(应)(用)(应)(该)(就)(是)(智)(能)(合)(约)((SmartContract)了)(.分)(布)(式)(账)(本)(技)(术)(能)(够)(把)(简)(单)(的)(合)(约)(写)(进)(程)(序)(里)(,使)(得)(智)(能)(合)(约)(在)(特)(定)(条)(件)(满)(足)(时)(能)(被)(自)(动)(执)(行)(。以)(太)(坊)((Ethereum)就)(是)(一)(个)(特)(地)(用)(来)(实)(现)(这)(个)(可)(能)(性)(的)(一)(个)(开)(源)(的)(区)(块)(链)(项)(目)(。举)(个)(例)(子)(,保)(险)(公)(司)(可)(以)(用)(智)(能)(合)(约)(来)(处)(理)(Claim,银)(行)(也)(可)(以)(使)(用)(智)(能)(合)(约)(来)(发)(放)(贷)(款)(。
2.股)(票)(交)(易)(
许)(多)(股)(票)(与)(商)(品)(交)(易)(所)(,比)(如)(ASX,JPX目)(前)(都)(在)(探)(索)(区)(块)(链)(在)(他)(们)(所)(提)(供)(服)(务)(中)(的)(应)(用)(。最)(广)(为)(人)(知)(的)(是)(先)(行)(者)(是)(纳)(斯)(达)(克)(的)(linq,一)(个)(私)(人)(市)(场)(交)(易)(平)(台)(,最)(近)(宣)(布)(正)(在)(试)(行)(一)(个)(proxy投)(票)(的)(区)(块)(链)(项)(目)(。
总)(而)(言)(之)(,区)(块)(链)(作)(为)(一)(种)(颠)(覆)(性)(的)(技)(术)(正)(在)(各)(行)(各)(业)(开)(启)(它)(的)(探)(索)(,试)(图)(革)(命)(传)(统)(的)(模)(式)(。想)(找)(到)(同)(好)(交)(流)(,快)(扫)(码)(加)(入)(TLS链)(币)(粉)(丝)(群)(!
如)(果)(您)(喜)(欢)(我)(们)(这)(篇)(文)(章)(,希)(望)(转)(发)(给)(他)(人)(或)(者)(重)(读)(,发)(送)(【区)(块)(链)(】即)(可)(获)(得)(本)(文)(。
【加)(入)(团)(队)(】如)(果)(您)(对)(区)(块)(链)(和)(比)(特)(币)(研)(究)(有)(相)(关)(专)(业)(经)(验)(,请)(发)(简)(历)(至)(support@timelylongshort.com。
【项)(目)(推)(介)(】如)(果)(您)(有)(区)(块)(链)(项)(目)(寻)(求)(投)(资)(人)(,请)(发)(项)(目)(书)(至)(support@timelylongshort.com
【比)(特)(币)(区)(块)(链)(究)(】回)(复)(【比)(特)(币)(】【区)(块)(链)(】TLS数)(字)(货)(币)(研)(究)(】返)(回)(搜)(狐)(,查)(看)(更)(多)(
责)(任)(编)(辑)(:
声)(明)(:该)(文)(观)(点)(仅)(代)(表)(作)(者)(本)(人)(,搜)(狐)(号)(系)(信)(息)(发)(布)(平)(台)(,搜)(狐)(仅)(提)(供)(信)(息)(存)(储)(空)(间)(服)(务)(。
阅)(读)(()
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